ملخص البحث

51- الفصل المقلوب : دراسة تجريبية
Flipped classroom is now a well-accepted concept due to the demands of education to ‎utilise digital technology for teaching and learning. What it means is that the students are ‎now expected to read/watch/listen to the lectures through the learning management ‎system (LMS) or an e-learning portal before coming to the classes. What traditionally was ‎practised is that students were given lectures during face-to-face sessions. Now, students ‎do their ‘homework’ with the help of the instructors during face-to-face sessions. The ‎concept is now being used successfully in some higher learning institutions in Malaysia, ‎including Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang and Universiti Kebangsaan ‎