ملخص البحث

13- الأسس النظرية لنموذج بيئات التعلم الشخصي الموجه
Guided Personal Learning Environments (gPLEs) model is a PLE design and development framework that incorporates teacher-based guidance mechanism in online learning environments. The model contributes to “support” or “guidance” element, that is one of the most important components of the PLE concept. This paper discusses the gPLEs model with respect to its foundations in popular social and learning theories and pedagogical models. The aim is to prove that teacher-based guidance is essential both for physical learning environments and for virtual learning environments. This paper contributes to the body of knowledge on PLEs and e-learning environments in at least three ways. Firstly, explanation of gPLEs model’s features provides sufficient evidence for the needs of the teacher-based guidance element in online learning environments. Secondly, it gives a greater understanding of whether and how relevant social and learning theories support gPLEs model. Last but not least, benchmarking gPLEs model’s features against relevant theories sets a theory verification standard for researchers in this field. This work has implications on teaching and learning practices across all educational levels and learning types, as it insights on how teaching and learning experiences in the 21st Century should be enriched with emerging social web and learning technologies.